Servant Leadership: Principles
“Practicing Servant Leadership--A Pattern”
by Lloyd Elder, Th.D., adapted from SkillTrack®
1.1 - Exploring the Journey
During recent years I have been pulled, sometimes kicking and screaming, along
this journey toward servant leadership. At times it seems exactly the thing
to be and do; and at other times I wanted to find quicker or easier ways to
go about my work. I’m not there yet, but a working definition helps me
stay on course--or when I stray, to get back on the pathway. That’s why
there is an element of testimony in these reported findings.
Another fundamental principle, or approach, to learning servant leadership
is to develop the habit of organizing your experience, thoughts, and findings.
This article reports my own findings over a period of time and as a “work
in process.” When you think through concepts of servant leadership and
write them down, it is possible that you not only clarify your understanding,
but you also reinforce your practice and your behavior. When continued learning
takes place, you can intentionally make changes, improving your performance
and your satisfaction. Last, but not unimportant, is that you are more likely
to intersect with others about your venture, even to the point of calling them
along on the journey. Here are some of my thoughts and a construct about the
practice of servant leadership; first a definition:
Practicing servant leadership in Christian ministry is self-giving service
with others after the pattern of Christ through example and persuasion in
order to achieve extraordinary commitment and contributions toward mutually
shared kingdom goals. (1995 and since--L. Elder)
This is not really a new journey; true, it was rediscovered and defined in
the 1970’s by Robert Greenleaf and other contemporaries. But in reality
most are struggling and celebrating as we retrace old and favorite paths of
service to Christ. I’m not there yet, but on the way. Visuals, definitions,
concepts, the sage instruction of a pioneer like Greenleaf--even our grasp of
Holy Scripture--all of these fall short of the mark if you and I do not get
down into the front line trenches of life and consistently practice servant
A servant leadership graphic intends to portray the practice of servant leadership
as five windows of opportunity, of light and fresh air. The largest window,
encompassing all else, is empowering leadership; and the smallest, supporting
all else, is efficiency. All five practices working together reflect a synergy
that is true to the essence of the servant as leader.
This construct is introduced here and often cited; but, it is more extensively
explained and applied in another article being developed.
- Empowered Leadership: “Doing
the right things in His power”
Commentary: Hebrews 12:1-2 (Zondervan Commentary)
We are to run this race "with no eyes for any one or anything except
Jesus" (Moffatt, in loc.). It is he toward whom we run. There must
be no divided attention. The "author and perfecter
of faith" (there is no "our" in the Gr.) may mean that Jesus
trod the way of faith first and brought it to completion. . . . As the heroes
of faith in chapter 11 are OT characters, there is the thought that Jesus
led all the people of faith, even from the earliest days.
- Christ is the “big picture,” the largest window of opportunity
relating to all other elements of servant leadership. He is the starter
and finisher of our faith . . . (see Heb. 12:1-2).
- His abiding presence in our lives fashions who we are as disciples/followers
and what we are to become. Love in that relationship unites, makes fruitful,
and results in joy (see John 15:9).
- He set the ideal pattern of servant leadership in Christian ministry
(see 1 John 2:6). “What would Jesus Do?” is more than a bracelet,
it is an energizing standard.
- His power energizes us for the tasks and functions of ministry (see
Commentary: John 15:5 (Zondervan Commentary)
Fruit-bearing is not only possible but certain if the branch remains in
union with the vine. Uniformity of quantity and quality are not promised.
But if the life of Christ permeates a disciple, fruit will be inevitable.
- Ethical Leadership: “Doing the right
things for the right reasons”
- Servant leadership does not just pursue achievements, or results, or
position, or recognition--by any and every means.
- Leadership should seek and follow the biblical, ethical mandates given
in the example of Christ and the instruction of Holy Scripture.
- Biblical theology and ethics should inform and guide our practice,
rather than install a value system based on our own practice, experience,
and biased opinion.
- Authentic “lived-in” character is the fabric of servant-first
Glossary: “ethical” (from
Conforming to accepted standards of social or professional behavior;
adhering to ethical and moral principles.
- Enabling Leadership: “Doing the
right things together”
- Leadership is within the company of others, not a solo performance.
- Call this the “equipping ministry” of Ephesians, chapter
4, if you will.
- “Servants as leaders” practice open communication, mutual
respect, and common good.
- Leadership is a trusting team relationship first, as it becomes a path
Glossary: “enabling” (American Heritage®
To supply with the means, knowledge, or opportunity; make able; a hole
in the fence that enabled us to watch; techniques that enable surgeons to
open and repair the heart. To make feasible or possible.
- Effective Leadership: “Doing the
rights things on purpose”
- Servant leaders establish kingdom mission and direction with the church
body, not for its members.
- Vision and planning become expected contributions of servant leaders.
- The goals of the organization and its members should be mutually beneficial.
- Think effectiveness with people, efficiency with things and methods
(Covey, Principled, p. 52).
It was he who gave some to be apostles, some to be prophets, some
to be evangelists, and some to be pastors and teachers, to prepare God's
people for works of service, so that the body of Christ may be built up
. . . (Ephesians 4:11-12 NIV).
- Efficient Leadership: “Doing the right things
in the right way”
- The servant leader is consistently competent in doing work--whatever
- Most of us have specific tasks and functions requiring skills to perform.
- Discover, develop, and utilize those skills essential to your role
- Competence in ministry is one of the critical ways we build trust.
If you were to list the key components of servant leadership, what would they
be? If you were to lead a conference on “Practicing Servant Leadership,”
what would your major points be? The three objectives of this article are:
- For you to have enough specific information for you to finish sketching
your pattern of servant leadership.
- For you to identify specific application in your leadership and service.
- For you to pass it along to others by your example, teaching, even persuasion.
© 2006 servantleaderstoday.com; hosted and copyrighted
by Lloyd Elder & Associates, Inc.
For full citation of referenced works, see Bibliography/Links at www.servantleaderstoday.com
Adapted by Lloyd Elder, Th.D., Founding Director, Moench Center for Church Leadership
Study Abstract - A Congregational Model
from Robert K. Greenleaf, Servant Leadership, and drafted by Lloyd Elder
The following concepts are summarized from Servant Leadership by Robert
K. Greenleaf. Reflect on these concepts and those reviewed in Articles SL#21
and SL#22; seek to apply them to your ministry service and leadership.
- The servant thesis: More servants should emerge as
leaders or should follow only servant leaders.
- Servant leader--servant first: The servant leader is
servant first. The servant leader’s primary motivation is the desire
to serve. On the other hand, the “leader first” is a completely
different type. Augustine recognized this difference when he concluded a passage
on leadership: “So he who loves to govern rather than to do
good is no bishop.” The difference between the two kinds of leaders
is seen primarily in the effect of their leadership on those who are led.
Under servant leadership people become healthier, wiser, freer, more autonomous,
more likely to become servants themselves.
- Servant Leadership Characteristics: Servant leadership
is strong, ethical leadership in an age of anti-leaders. Such a minister/leader
seeks to build servant congregations in an anti-institutional era. The enemy
of servant congregations is not the critic on the outside but the strong natural
servants who choose to follow a nonservant leader.
- Congregational reconstruction: Caring for persons,
the more able and the less able serving each other, is the rock upon which
a good society is built. Until recently, caring was largely person-to-person.
Now, much of it is mediated through institutions--including churches.
- Servant leadership in the church: The churches, like
other contemporary institutions, are under pressures and influences. By worldly
standards, churches are often judged to be inadequate. In addition, the churches
are often not critical enough of their actual performance and contribution
because their cause is so noble. Trust must come first. This is not trust
generated by leadership charisma; the only sound basis for trust is for people
to have the solid experience of being served by their institutions.
- Moral, ethical leadership: Moral leadership has the capacity
to rise above the claims of everyday wants, needs, and expectations. Moral
and ethical leadership relates leadership behavior--its roles, choices, style,
and commitments--to a set of seasoned, conscious values. Moral leadership
reaches into the needs and value structures, mobilizing and directing support
for such values as justice, liberty, equality, individual dignity, brotherhood,
and world evangelism.
Reflection and Application
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